Website Newsletter
Books (1971-2012)
Articles, etc (1978-2010)
(The Other Economic Summit
& New Economics Foundation, 1983-2000)
Hard Copy Archive  
Sadly James died in November 2023 at the age of 95. However all the website resources, including his articles, papers, newsletters and the pdfs of his books, will remain available.

Obituaries have been published in The Guardian, The Times and The Daily Telegraph. Below are links to the online versions. Unfortunately the latter two are behind a paywall.

A key concern of this website is the need for comprehensive reform of the worldwide money system.

However my current emphasis on it does not imply that I think the need to shift other aspects of human life in society from dependency to self-direction and self-control is any less important than I previously thought. Quite the reverse.

For example, enabling more people all over the world to decide and control their own work instead of depending on employers to provide and control it, will be one of many such interacting shifts in the overall pattern of systems renewal on which the future of humanity will depend. Connected shifts in spheres like education and health will be just as necessary. But virtually none will be possible if the worldwide money system goes on compelling or encouraging people to reject them.

In other words, comprehensive reform of the worldwide money system is a core challenge that will help to determine how much longer human civilisation survives and evolves in anything like its present form. It is a necessary condition, if not by itself a sufficient condition, of our survival beyond the end of this century.

Money and finance now constitute a worldwide system. As it works today, it results in systemic inefficiency and injustice in almost every sphere. It imposes a perverse calculus of values, compelling or encouraging almost everyone in the world to compete against one another for a greater share of planetary resources and, in doing so, to turn planetary resources into waste.

In other words, money and finance provide the main scoring system for the life of society. Changing the scoring system to get a better game is a priority for people with many different concerns, not just a special interest in money and finance. Above all, the 'experts' in charge of money and finance must be stopped from managing them to serve their own interests.

This means that governments must collaborate urgently in comprehensive reform of the world's money system. Active citizens must insist that they do so. And so must non-governmental organisations (NGOs) concerned with almost every issue of any importance - social issues (poverty, welfare, social injustice, health, human rights, etc), environmental issues (climate change, energy supply and use, water, food and agriculture, etc); and general public policy and economic issues (world future prospects; local and community economic development; ethical investing, trading and consuming; corporate social responsibility; etc).

My understanding of these things began to crystallise in the 1970s, though its roots go back further than that. I came to see then, as others were seeing, that world society was in an early stage of a 'great transformation' and that, as has happened from time to time in history - for example, at the Renaissance - this would affect every aspect of human life.

I saw then that different people would respond in different ways to it.

Three possible responses were:

  • Business As Usual;

  • HyperExpansion (HE), boosting the drives of the industrial age - centralising, scientific, technical, economic; and

  • Sane, Humane, Ecological (SHE), inspired by a new, genuinely post-industrial direction for human society's next stage of development. Based on principles of Enable and Conserve, SHE would give priority to the needs of people and the earth.

I recognised that the actual future would be shaped by a mixture of all these and other responses, or visions, or scenarios. But I have focused since then on what the third one – the sane alternative – would mean in practice.

Some people still claim that people who support an alternative on those lines have no constructive proposals to offer. Such people are ignorant and wrong.

Over the past thirty years or more, increasing numbers of people around the world have been exploring what changes a sane alternative would mean for various aspects of life - for work, for health, for economy, for information and knowledge and education, for food, for the ways we use energy and technology, and so on - and how to bring about those changes.

Sustainable Development; People-centred Globalisation; Combining economic efficiency with economic justice; Progress that is socially just and environmentally benign; Money and Finance as servants not masters. Ideas and concepts like those are not just pipe-dreams. They are essential practical goals for the future of our one-world community and the prospect for its survival.  

The conventional idea of progress, with indiscriminate economic growth, socially and environmentally damaging globalisation, and remote government decisions closely linked to the interests of business and finance, is not a possible way forward. It's not enough now to say "the future doesn't have to be like that". It can't be like that. Those who think it can are leading the world to disaster on a catastrophic scale.

Some users of the website will be interested in its more visionary ideas, others in its more practical topics; some in the future of work, others in the future of health; some in the history of ideas, others in action to change the present state of affairs; and so on and so forth.

I aim to make it as easy as I can for people to find their way around the website, in accordance with their different interests and preferences. Click here for tips on how to use it.

James Robertson

James Robertson
Click below for more information on:

Environment & Energy

Religion & Consciousness

Local Self-reliance
“An outstanding example of a modern thinker at the service of society”citation from Mikhail Gorbachev (2003)

“That most subversive of men, the eminently reasonable revolutionary” Michael Shanks (1978)

“The grandfather of green economics” Molly Scott Cato (2009) in Green Economics

James Robertson - The Sane Alternative